Explaining away poverty: Soviet residential childcare and social problems after 1953

By Mirjam Galley Until Stalin’s death, Soviet children’s homes had been orphanages, housing children who had lost their parents to war, disease, or Stalin’s own terror campaigns. His successor Nikita Khrushchev set out to change that system of institutions for good. Khrushchev renounced his predecessor’s rule of terror in his so-called Secret Speech (1956) and, … More Explaining away poverty: Soviet residential childcare and social problems after 1953

The Costs of Omission in Soviet Central Asia

by Alun Thomas The first complete census of the population of the Soviet Union was produced in 1926. Soviet authorities had conducted major censuses before, in 1920 and 1923, but the former was highly geographically limited and the latter was restricted to urban spaces.[i] Nor had been made a meaningful study of Soviet Central Asia, … More The Costs of Omission in Soviet Central Asia

‘It is not the Maghreb that Islamised itself… It is Islam that maghrebised itself’

By Imen Neffati Located on the Western tip of the Arab world, Tunisia shares with Algeria and Morocco certain historical and cultural characteristics. They are all Arab Islamic societies of Berber ancestry. They all experienced a period of French colonization before becoming independent nation-states in the mid 1950s to the early 1960s. And, crucially, nowhere … More ‘It is not the Maghreb that Islamised itself… It is Islam that maghrebised itself’